Co-occurring Disorders in Incarcerated Offenders, Treatment of

The term co-occurring disorders (COD) in the field of corrections usually refers to a substance use disorder (SUD) concurrent with a mental health disorder (MHD). These disorders happen in close proximity of time and usually get worse when left untreated. MHDs usually include disorders of mood, anxiety, and lack of touch with reality, such as schizophrenia. An SUD indicates that an individual is using a substance that significantly affects his or her cognitive, behavioral, and physiological functioning accompanied with recurrent substance-related problems. Having an SUD sets up an incarcerated offender for a greater likelihood of developing a mental health problem.

Treating both disorders together is extremely difficult due to the number of clinical issues that interact and can complicate treatment; Integrated Dual Diagnosis Treatment is ...

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