Community corrections, or supervision, refers to programs that oversee offenders outside of jail or prison with legal authority to administer sanctions. The two most common types of supervision are probation and parole. Although probation and parole vary in how they are administered across jurisdictions, they are generally consistent in how they are defined. Probation is typically administered in lieu of a jail sentence, whereby offenders are placed under supervision in the community. Sometimes, probation is served after a short jail sentence. For example, if an offender was sentenced to 5 years with 3 years suspended, that would mean that the offender would be incarcerated for 2 years and then on probation in the community for 3 years instead of being incarcerated for all 5 years. ...

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