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Cognitive Deficits, Effects on Rehabilitation

Cognitive deficits is a generic term, encompassing impairment to essential areas of brain function, but not defined uniquely by low IQ or intellectual disability (ID). ID is defined by the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fifth Edition as impairment of general mental abilities that affects adaptive functioning in three domains: (1) the conceptual domain (language, reasoning, knowledge, and memory skills), (2) the social domain (interpersonal and communication skills), and (3) the practical domain (skills related to self-management and self-care). To meet the strict definition of ID, symptoms should be chronic and evident before the age of 18 years. Depending on the criteria established, individuals with ID are generally considered those with IQs below 70 on standardized measures. IQs from 70 to 85 ...

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