Cognitive Behavioral Therapy and Social Learning Theory

Cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) and social learning theory (SLT) originated in the larger field of behavioral psychology. Unlike psychoanalytic psychology, which emphasizes the importance of unconscious processes on an individual’s emotional and behavioral patterns, behavioral psychology emphasizes the importance of learning experiences in shaping emotional and behavioral patterns. SLT has been used to understand how individuals acquire healthy lifestyles, as well as mental health problems and antisocial behavioral patterns. CBT is a type of psychotherapy based on SLT principles. The dissemination of CBT into criminal psychology has included treatment for common mental disorders such as anxiety and depression in correctional settings, as well as the application of CBT to specialized treatments for antisocial behavioral patterns (including anger management, violent offending, and sex offending) for juvenile ...

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