Basic Mental Health Services Versus Rehabilitation

Traditionally, the goals of correctional mental health treatment have been basic, not rehabilitative. Basic mental health service goals for inmates have been primarily stabilization: to enable the patient/inmate to stay out of trouble while incarcerated, and once released, for the patient/inmate to be less likely to recidivate. Mental health rehabilitative efforts provide more than just basic mental health services. Rehabilitative efforts focus on tailor-fitting treatment to offenders so the offenders understand what precedes their thoughts and their behavioral triggers. In addition, rehabilitative efforts focus on lifestyle change and prosocial behavior.

This entry discusses the history of why mentally ill people are increasingly treated in correctional settings. This is followed by a discussion of current issues in forensic mental health and the Risk-Need-Responsivity model. Barriers to treatment ...

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