In many countries, vandalism is one of the most common forms of criminal transgression but also one of the most puzzling since the attack of property for no obvious material gain needs attention in explanatory terms. The notion of vandalism derives its meaning from an East German tribe known as the Vandals, who became infamous during the 4th and 5th century CE for their invasion and destruction of cities across Western Europe. The Vandals pillaged, looted, raped, and murdered on their path to colonial expansion. The Sack of Rome in 455 was the height of their notoriety and military success. By 534, the Vandal King Gelimer had been forced to surrender to the Romans, and this act effectively brought an end to the Vandal ...

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