Shock incarceration (SI) is a correctional alternative to traditional incarceration that seeks to shock individuals convicted of crimes away from engaging in further criminal activity. The programs, also known as correctional boot camps, have a regime of military basic training–style discipline and rigorous physical activity as their centerpiece, which is often complemented by educational, counseling, and occupational training opportunities. SI programs, which are typically located in facilities that are separate from prisons or jails, allow individuals who successfully complete the program to serve less time than they would if sentenced to traditional prison or jail confinement. Originating in the early 1980s, SI programs marked an important innovation in corrections strategy, combining punitive and therapeutic interventions targeting individuals typically convicted of less serious criminal offenses ...

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