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Risk-Need-Responsivity, Principles of

The Risk-Need-Responsivity (RNR) model is a favored framework in contemporary criminal justice settings. It has three core principles: (1) identify the static risk level of the individual, (2) identify the dynamic risk factors (needs) that are associated with offending behavior, and (3) identify appropriate correctional interventions that are suitable to address the risk–need interaction. The RNR framework applies to decisions at the individual level regarding how best to address the factors that contribute to engagement in criminal behavior. But, it also applies to the system level in terms of the capacity of agencies or jurisdictions to have available and use an array of services tailored to the needs of individuals involved in the justice system. Responsive systems use RNR principles as part of an overall ...

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