Reentry in a criminal justice context describes the transition from being incarcerated in a jail or prison to returning to life in the community. For over 30 years, the United States experienced an unprecedented increase in the numbers of individuals admitted to and subsequently released from prisons. According to data maintained by the Bureau of Justice Statistics, the number of prisoners released from federal and state prisons increased more than fivefold between 1978 and 2008 (from 142,033 to 734,144). In 2009, the annual number of reentering prisoners declined for the first time in decades—a pattern that has continued through 2012. Even with the recent decline in releases, more than 600,000 prisoners are released each year from state and federal prisons, with 626,024 individuals released in ...

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