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Personality Disorders in Incarcerated Offenders, Treatment of

Personality disorders are defined in the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fifth Edition, as conditions in which the individual has an enduring pattern of inner experience and behavior that deviates markedly from the expectations of the individual’s culture, is pervasive and inflexible, has an onset in adolescence or early adulthood, is stable over time, and leads to distress or impairment. The Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fifth Edition, lists 10 personality disorders divided among three clusters, each based on shared phenomenology and criteria. Cluster A (eccentric disorders)—paranoid, schizoid, and schizotypal personality disorders—is characterized by a pervasive pattern of abnormal cognition (e.g., suspiciousness), self-expression (e.g., odd speech), or relating to others (e.g., reclusiveness). Cluster B (dramatic disorders)—borderline, antisocial, histrionic, and narcissistic personality ...

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