Offenders With Mental Disorders: Treatment Outcome Research

Since the 1950s, deinstitutionalization of psychiatric hospitals and the tightening of involuntary commitment laws in the United States have made it very difficult to place someone into psychiatric care against his or her will. Therefore, many people with psychiatric disorders are now being dealt with in the community by the criminal justice system. Since the early 1990s, the Risk-Need-Responsivity model has been used to help the criminal justice system analyze offender risk of recidivism, determine the specific needs of the individual offender, and respond in a way that meets the offender’s needs. Treatment outcome research is important, then, because it allows mental health-care providers to determine whether the responsivity is meeting the needs of the highest risk offenders. The entry begins with a discussion ...

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