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Mindfulness is a state of consciousness involving paying attention to whatever is happening in the present moment with a curious, nonjudgmental attitude. The term mindfulness can refer to both a temporary state of mind and an enduring personal trait or disposition. While research suggests that some people may be naturally more mindful than others, it also suggests that over time, and with practice, one’s state of mindfulness becomes consistently more accessible and more trait-like. This entry offers an overview of mindful awareness practices (MAPs), which have been adapted for teachers and children and introduced in educational settings with the aim of supporting the development of self-regulation. In addition, this entry highlights major research findings on mindfulness-based interventions, including Jon Kabat-Zinn’s Mindfulness-Based Stress Reduction program and ...