Inquiry-based learning is also referred to as project learning, or the project approach. In early childhood education, inquiry-based learning is often linked to the Reggio Emilia approach developed in Italy, John Dewey’s theory of experiential learning, Lev Vygotsky’s theory of sociocultural learning, and Jean Piaget’s developmental theory. The primary aims are rooted in investigations based on authentic interests of the children, peer collaboration, critical thinking, autonomy, and documentation and communication of learned knowledge. As discussed by Diane Parker:

Inquiry is a way of looking at the world, a questioning stance we take when we seek to learn something we don’t yet know. And when we are truly inquiring about something, whatever it may be, we drive ourselves to learn more and more because we are seeking ...

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