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The HighScope Perry Preschool Study is the longitudinal experiment conducted by HighScope Educational Research Foundation that identifies the effects of the preschool program run at the Perry Elementary School in the Ypsilanti, Michigan, public schools from 1962 through 1967. The study focuses on 123 African American children born in poverty and at risk of school failure, 58 of whom were assigned to the preschool program. This entry first discusses the Perry Preschool program, the design of the study on its effects, and the study’s findings. It then discusses what implications may be drawn from the study about the necessary ingredients for preschool to be successful.

The preschool program provided 3- and 4-year-old children a child development curriculum in half-day classes and weekly home visits. Compared ...

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