Fathers in early intervention refers to fathers’ active participation in early intervention services for children who have been identified or are at risk for disabilities. This entry (a) discusses the importance of fathers’ involvement in early intervention, (b) delineates barriers to father involvement, and (c) highlights ways to encourage father involvement.


An ecological and ecocultural viewpoint provides a framework for recognizing the importance family and culture play in child development. Research demonstrates a positive relationship between parental involvement and children’s academic, social, and emotional outcomes throughout children’s school years and beyond. Parental involvement is a protective factor for children with disabilities as well as children and youth from culturally diverse backgrounds and low-income families.

Recently, more attention has been given to father and father figure involvement in ...

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