Direct instruction is an approach to teaching that is teacher-directed and emphasizes well-planned lessons in which the skills taught are broken down into small units and are explicitly taught in a systematic way. Direct instruction can be used individually with children, in small groups, or in large groups. Research shows that direct instruction can be effective in teaching a wide range of skills, particularly basic foundational skills, in early childhood education.

Direct instruction is based on the philosophy that when instruction is clear and free of misinterpretations, children’s learning can improve at an increased rate. Rooted in behavioral theory, direct instruction evolved from the idea that behaviors learned are those that result in favorable consequences.


In the 1980s, a series of experimental studies conducted by many different ...

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