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The United States Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) reports that 5.9 million children in the United States between 3 and 17 years of age have been diagnosed with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). These numbers make it the most common neurodevelopmental condition in the United States. The most common symptoms of ADHD include an inability to focus, fidgeting or squirming, avoiding tasks or not being able to complete them, and being easily distracted.

This entry first defines ADHD. Next it covers how ADHD is diagnosed and concludes with current treatments, including behavioral approaches, and incorporating strategies for both families and early childhood educators working with young children at risk for or diagnosed with ADHD. The last treatment discussed is pharmacological intervention.

Definition

The criteria for identifying ADHD, listed ...

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