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All children, including those with disabilities, are required to take part in district and statewide assessments. States generally begin testing in third grade. Providing accommodations and adaptations/modifications for children with disabilities ensures that such assessments more accurately measure a child’s achievements. This entry reviews district and statewide assessment accommodations for children with disabilities, specifically the legal basis of these accommodations, the identification of accommodations, the use of alternate assessments, and assessment accommodations for English language learners (ELLs) with disabilities.

Legal Basis

The No Child Left Behind Act (NCLB) of 2001 required states to develop standardized assessments to measure the basic skills of students as a means of evaluating the extent to which schools in a state were meeting academic standards. The purpose of the legislation was to ...

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