A literature review is an effort to summarize or provide perspective on existing empirical or research manuscripts. There exist a variety of types of reviews that can be conducted to examine issues such as measurement, evaluate a theory, propose a new theory, or summarize the state of current knowledge. One challenge is determining which method should be used to provide a detailed summary of the existing empirical literature. The traditional or historical method of establishing a finding or conclusion from empirical literature relied on a vote counting method of summarizing the results of the significance tests from individual investigations. This entry examines the process of this method and the common error associated with this method.


In this method, a scholar proceeds by gathering all the relevant ...

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