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Anna Freud (1895–1982) was a pioneer in shaping the field of child and adolescent psychoanalysis; her influence can be found in the fields of law, education, medicine, and social work. Her early psychoanalytic practice in Vienna, including the founding of the Matchbox nursery school in Vienna, contributed to experiments in after-school care and the development of the toddler group model. The Ego and Its Mechanisms of Defense is her best known book and remains the clearest account of the fate of anxiety in ego processes and functions. In 1938, the Freud family went into exile from Vienna to London; shortly after arrival, she was organizing new homes for Jewish European psychoanalysts fleeing National Socialism. Along with Dorothy Burlingham, she established the Hampstead War Nurseries, which ...

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