Federal Indian Boarding Schools, U.S. Architecture of

The architecture of federal Indian boarding schools (FIBS) in the United States can be defined as the construction, spatial layout, and built environment of school buildings and campuses established by the Office of Indian Affairs (OIA) in the late 19th and early 20th centuries to educate, train, and assimilate Native American children. This entry offers an overview of the styles and characteristics of the architecture of FIBS, highlighting the role of race and gender in the structuring of space in the building designs and campus layouts of these schools.

History of FIBS

The OIA (renamed the Bureau of Indian Affairs in 1947) established boarding schools to educate, train, and Americanize Native American children following the successful model of the Carlisle Indian School, in the state of Pennsylvania, ...

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