Death Rates, Children’s, Historical

Children’s death rates have fluctuated historically. This entry discusses historical trends in death rates and mortality among children from the 1700s to the 1900s, emphasizing the calculation of basic rates and the sources of some statistics. Specifically, this entry offers a comparison of mortality rates in Nordic countries and Europe as a whole.

Death Rates

Such terms as the crude death rate, age-specific death rate, and infant mortality rate (IMR) are among the terms required to understand the decline of child mortality from the 18th to the 20th century in Europe. These terms also show how raw statistics can be converted into rates that make comparisons over time and space possible. The crude death rate is calculated in terms of deaths/total population at risk. It is expressed ...

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