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The term ‘counselling’ has its roots within the field of humanistic psychology and is often linked to the work of Carl Rogers and person-centred therapy. It primarily takes the form of a talking therapy between two individuals (the counsellor and the client) but can also incorporate more creative or expressive elements. Almost universally, counselling emphasises the importance of the relationship between the counsellor and client. It proposes that where a counsellor is accepting, genuine, and empathetic, and that the client perceives these qualities in the counsellor, therapeutic change is likely to occur. Although this view was first described in person-centred theory, an approach that professionals do apply in its purest form, much theory has evolved to integrate other psychological approaches, such as psychodynamic thinking and ...

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