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Clinical Psychology and Clinical Child Psychology

Clinical psychology uses theory, research, and clinical practice to inform understanding of psychological distress and to work with children and adults who are experiencing psychological difficulties. This entry offers an overview of the development of clinical psychology and clinical child psychology, concentrating on histories, practices, critics, and debates in North America and Europe.

Clinical Psychology

Clinical psychology began to develop at the end of the 19th century and the beginning of the 20th century. Initially, it was primarily focused on assessment (particularly in respect of children), with less attention paid to the treatment of and therapy for psychological distress. Historically, clinical psychology was therefore associated with the development of psychometrics or psychological measurement and the belief that personality and ability could be objectively measured and assessed. The ...

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