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Most definitions of school bullying agree that it involves a more powerful individual or group repeatedly seeking to hurt or intimidate someone who is unable to defend himself or herself. Definitions vary, however, when it comes to more detailed descriptions of what this entails and, not least, of why bullying occurs. Some definitions emphasize the individual’s personality and upbringing to explain the cause of bullying behavior. More recent definitions point to dysfunctional relational patterns in social groups characterized by low tolerance, leading to the upholding of norms that allow an ongoing production of contempt and social exclusion. This entry examines the prevalence of bullying in schools, factors that promote bullying in schools, and intervention strategies.

Prevalence of Bullying in Schools

In 2016, in the Health Behaviour ...

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