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Apprenticeship is an educational institution that regulates entry into manual professions requiring special training in the trades, crafts, or arts. It is upheld as an alternative educational pathway to public higher schooling, which typically grants access to liberal professions. Apprenticeship implies a legal and social contract, whereby a young novice (the apprentice) provides labor to a skilled and experienced worker (the master) in exchange for knowledge and training required for the practice of a given trade, craft, or art. This entry provides an overview of the history of apprenticeship in Europe, spanning from preindustrial Europe to the 21st century.

Defining Apprenticeship

The rules that regulate apprenticeship vary considerably depending on the historical period and geographical location. Nevertheless, a number of core characteristics associated with apprenticeship appear to ...

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