Surrogacy is a form of family making, in which a woman becomes pregnant for the purpose of delivering a baby to others who will be the child’s parents. Surrogacy is based upon a multiplicity of technologies: (a) medical technologies, such as donor insemination or in vitro fertilization (IVF), which enable the separation of gestation from conjugal relations; (b) legal contracts, which define the contractual rights and responsibilities of all parties taking part in the surrogacy process, and enable both the contracted pregnancy and subsequent child delivery; and (c) bureaucratic state-centered procedures, which determine the ensuing kinship status of parents and children, typically severing the parent–child relationship between the surrogate and the child and bestowing parenthood upon the commissioning parents.

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