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In the second half of the 19th century, high infant mortality rates in many European countries came to be considered a huge problem. Different forms of tuberculosis were regarded as the main cause of the high infant mortality rates. After having understood how the disease spreads and develops, several projects and initiatives were set up to fight it on two fronts: on the one hand, trying to find a treatment for those already suffering from tuberculosis, and on the other hand, looking for ways to identify how to prevent or stop it from spreading. Tuberculosis became defined as a problem that could be solved by improving the hygienic conditions of the child and its family. The protection of the child and the healthy status of ...

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