Militarization is the process through which societies promote war and violence. Problems and disputes can be addressed by either peaceful negotiation or violent force promoted through militarization, which works at three levels: through (1) beliefs, (2) activities, and (3) powerful causes. This entry examines militarization’s specific impacts on children, the phenomenon of child soldiers, and the reasons why militarization persists despite its high social and human costs.

Militarization and Children

Politicians persuade their people to support and fund militarization by inciting public fear and anger about enemies abroad and minorities at home and also by glorifying war. Conflict is inflamed between different nations, tribes, and religious sects, such as Christians and Muslims who used to live peacefully together. Very young children learn to share in these ...

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