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‘Intelligence testing’ is widely used to measure cognitive ability. Tests used can measure verbal ability or non-verbal, abstract reasoning skills. Published tests are used in educational, health, and occupational settings for selection purposes or to measure mental functioning following illness or trauma. There are also many tests available online which individuals may choose to do for personal information, although these may be of dubious reliability. This entry summarises the development of intelligence testing and discusses issues with this approach to measuring intelligence. This entry further outlines attempts to create culture-free and culture-fair tests. This entry concludes by exploring several contemporary approaches to intelligence testing.

The History and Development of Intelligence Testing

The psychometric approach to intelligence focuses on the measurement of intelligence using tests. Assumptions are that ...

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