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Immigration is a phenomenon as old as humans. People have been moving across space for a number of reasons thereby giving way to classifications such as religious, economic, political, and refugee migrations. These movements can be voluntary or forced, external across borders, or internal within the states, as immigration does not exclusively pertain to foreigners. Migrants can be categorized as economic immigrants, refugees, and asylum seekers. Economic immigrants, regardless of their legal status or length of residence, leave their countries for reasons other than persecution (e.g., employment, family reunification) and continue to enjoy the protection of their countries. Refugees are people who flee their country because of fear of persecution on account of their race, religion, nationality, membership in a social group, or political opinion ...

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