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Childhood-Onset Fluency Disorder

Childhood-onset fluency disorder (also called stuttering or stammering) is a multifaceted condition that involves (a) the production of interruptions (or disfluencies) in speech, (b) associated negative affective and cognitive reactions to those speaking disruptions, and (c) adverse impact on communication that may interfere with quality of life. The disorder typically begins between 2½ and 4 years of age, during a period of rapid growth in aspects of a child’s development that are critical for communication, including language skills, speech motor abilities, social interaction patterns, and temperament. During this time, children may exhibit disfluencies for reasons that can be explained by their development of these core skills rather than disordered development. Therefore, it is important to distinguish between disfluencies that are associated with a fluency ...

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