Cardiovascular Disease: Psychological and Behavioral Factors

Cardiovascular disease (CVD) is an umbrella term referring to a broad constellation of conditions involving the heart or the circulatory system that functionally compromise blood flow. CVD can lead to a host of clinical outcomes including, but not limited to, arrhythmic events, myocardial infarction (MI; heart attack), stroke, heart failure, and death. An estimated 85.6 million Americans have at least one form of CVD, including 80 million cases of hypertension (i.e., high blood pressure) and 15.5 million cases of coronary heart disease (CHD). Despite advances in screening and early disease management, the annual incidence of CVD-related clinical events exceeds 1.5 million, including 735,000 MIs and 795,000 strokes. As a result, CVD remains the leading cause of disability and death in the United States, accounting for ...

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