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Blood-Injection-Injury Phobia

Blood-injection-injury (BII) phobia is a subtype of specific phobia characterized by extreme fear or anxiety related to stimuli and situations such as needles, invasive medical procedures, blood, and bodily injuries. People suffering from BII either avoid the fearful situations or stimuli or are able to endure them only with great difficulty. Oftentimes, exposure to these situations or stimuli leads to fainting (vasovagal syncope), a phenomenon that distinguishes the physiological response to anxiety of people with this phobia subtype from that of people with other anxiety disorders. Fear or anxiety associated with BII can be quite debilitating and may cause considerable functional impairment. In addition, people with this type of phobia may experience health problems as they may delay or avoid necessary medical procedures. This ...

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