Bipolar I disorder is a diagnosis in the American Psychiatric Association’s Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fifth Edition (DSM-5), that is characterized by episodes of depression and mania. People who have bipolar I disorder have periods of time in which they experience symptoms of depression, followed by periods of time in which they feel either manic or irritable. Bipolar depression is similar to unipolar or major depressive disorder. Individuals with bipolar depression experience depressed mood, loss of interest in the things they used to enjoy, changes in appetite, sleep disturbances, suicidal ideation, and other symptoms of major depressive disorder. When people with bipolar disorder are in a manic phase, they feel so good or “high” that it causes difficulties in their lives. ...

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