Biopsychosocial Theoretical Framework

The biopsychosocial model is a theoretical framework used in the assessment, conceptualization, and treatment of both psychological and physical health. As the name suggests, this framework integrates biological, psychological, and sociocultural factors in an integrative approach to understand the complexities and development of human behavior. Biological factors (“bio”) refer to physiological influences on psychological and physical health, such as genetic predisposition, organ and nervous system function, immune system activity, metabolic and endocrine functioning, and the role of neurotransmitters. Psychological factors (“psycho”) refer to behavioral and mental processes that influence health and symptomatology. A variety of psychological phenomena coalesce to exacerbate disorders or promote health; different perspectives may emphasize the role of emotions, cognitive processes, internal representations of self and others, or behavioral principles in psychopathology ...

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