The Association for Applied Psychophysiology and Biofeedback defines biofeedback as a process that allows an individual to learn to change measurable physiological processes that are relevant to health and performance. Typical measurements that are targeted include heart rate, heart rate variability (HRV), brainwaves (also called neurofeedback), breathing, muscle activity, and skin temperature. By enabling the individual to physically monitor these activities accurately and in real time, desired physiological changes are facilitated. Over time, these changes can become generalized to other situations and are maintained without continued use of a biofeedback instrument.

This entry begins by describing the emergence and development of biofeedback as a treatment option. Then, the entry discusses the various modalities involved in biofeedback. The entry concludes by discussing some of the disorders ...

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