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Approaches to treating persons with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) range from symptomatic treatments aimed at specific behaviors (e.g., teaching the basic social skills needed to initiate a conversation with another person) to comprehensive programs that are designed to address the broader social communication deficits as well as behavioral problems. In addition, a major push has been to identify children at risk for ASD at a very young age and to deliver early intensive behavioral intervention. This discussion of treatment begins with an overview of evidence-based behavioral treatment techniques. This is followed by a description of early intervention efforts because some of the best results are achieved with early identification of ASD and intensive intervention before the age of 3 years.

Overview of Evidence-Based Treatments

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