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Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder: Treatment

Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is a neurodevelopmental disorder characterized by a persistent pattern of inattention and/or hyperactive and impulsive behavior beginning prior to the age of 12 years and affecting function across multiple settings. The causes of ADHD are believed to be multifactorial and likely include genetic, physiological, and environmental factors. Studies of brain structure and function have found differences in individuals affected by ADHD. ADHD is viewed as a chronic condition requiring differing degrees of treatment across the lifespan. The current best practices typically include a combination of behavioral therapy interventions and medication.

The prevalence of ADHD is estimated to be around 5% in school-age children, and the consequences of ineffective or unavailable treatment include poor academic performance, lower occupational success, problems in social relationships, ...

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