Anxiety is a part of the normal human condition—however, if it becomes excessive, creates distress, or causes interference in life, it may be considered an anxiety disorder. The American Psychiatric Association’s Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fifth Edition (DSM-5), characterizes a number of anxiety disorders that vary in presentation and treatment. Systematic controlled clinical studies have evaluated the efficacy of treatments for anxiety disorders, and evidence-based treatments exist for nearly all anxiety disorders. This entry discusses evidence-based treatments for generalized anxiety disorder (GAD), panic disorder, agoraphobia, social anxiety disorder, specific phobia, separation anxiety disorder, selective mutism, and anxiety disorder due to another medical condition.

Generalized Anxiety Disorder

Along with depression, GAD is one of the most frequently diagnosed mental health disorders in the United ...

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