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Analogue research refers to any research endeavor concerned with studying real-world phenomena within a controlled setting or context. By emphasizing internal validity (i.e., degree of confidence in a causal conclusion drawn from a study) versus external validity (i.e., the extent to which findings obtained in a study generalize to different populations, places, situations, etc.), analogue research can aid in the identification and understanding of basic processes underlying a phenomenon of interest. As such, analogue research is more concerned with discovery as opposed to confirmation. Findings from analogue studies may then inform research focused on evaluating whether obtained findings generalize to clinical populations or real-world settings. Analogue research can be conceptualized as existing along two independent dimensions: (1) analogue sample and (2) analogue procedure.

Analogue Sample

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