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Alcohol Use Disorder: Psychological Factors

Psychological factors are generally presumed to include feelings, thoughts, and personality traits or styles internal to an individual. Alcohol use disorder (AUD) is the diagnosis given to individuals who evidence a pattern of alcohol misuse of at least 1 year’s duration, in which the consequences of use are markedly negative, such as inability to cut down, continued use despite knowledge of harm, and impairment in work, school, or home functioning. The psychological factors pertinent to AUD have long been a topic of conjecture and investigation, with many people longing to understand who is vulnerable to the onset of the disorder, why alcohol leads to abuse and dependence for some but not for others, and how individuals bearing the burden of alcohol problems can change or ...

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