Alcohol Use Disorder: Lifespan Perspectives

Alcohol use disorders (AUDs) refer to patterns of drinking that cause distress or harm and that are dependent on how much and how often one drinks, as well as on age, gender, and health status. AUDs include alcoholabuse (a recurring pattern of high-risk drinking resulting in personal problems, violence, crime, and driving while intoxicated), bingedrinking (drinking more than five drinks for men and four for women in about 2 hours), and alcohol dependence, whose symptoms include tolerance (the need to drink greater amounts of alcohol to feel the same effect), loss of control (the inability to stop drinking after beginning), craving (an urge to drink), and neuroadaption (withdrawal symptoms).

Early onset of alcohol is a marker for adolescence misuse and a risk factor for AUDs ...

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