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The World Health Organization (WHO), headquartered in Geneva, Switzerland, was founded in 1948 and is the directing and coordinating authority for health within the United Nations system. The overarching objective of the WHO is stated clearly in its constitution as “the attainment by all peoples of the highest possible level of health.” The WHO engages in various functions, such as assisting governments in strengthening health services, providing technical assistance in the face of emergencies or epidemics, and promoting cooperation among a number of governmental and nongovernmental agencies. It also proposes conventions, agreements, and regulations to realize its objectives. There are 194 member states of the WHO. These states provide delegates to constitute the World Health Assembly, which works in concert with the executive and secretarial ...

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