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Unlike many other mental health conditions, trauma- and stressor-related disorders are explicitly attributed to environmental stress, but one’s response to a traumatic event may be determined by social factors. Some individuals show considerable resilience in the face of trauma and even report positive benefits in the face of adversity.


Trauma- and stressor-related disorders cover response types from mild to severe, acute to chronic. Disasters, accidents, war, forced displacement, and sexual assault are examples of acute stressors; relational problems, child abuse and/or neglect, and oppressive practices due to gender role stereotypes are examples of chronic stressors. Both human-made problems, such as those associated with dysfunctional interpersonal relationships early in life and/or in adulthood, and natural disasters (e.g., earthquake casualties due to weak planning and construction) may have ...

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