Trauma- and Stressor-Related Disorders: Diagnosis

Although exposure to traumatic stressors has been shown to be associated with increased risk of developing or increasing the severity of a wide array of mental health disorders, the most widely recognized trauma- and stressor-related disorder diagnosis is posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). PTSD was first officially designated as a psychiatric diagnosis (within the domain of Anxiety Disorders) in the United States in the American Psychiatric Association’s Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Third Edition (DSM-III), published in 1980. A decade later, PTSD was codified as a diagnosis in the 10th revision of the World Health Organization’s International Classification of Diseases (ICD-10), published in 1992. Over the next 25 to 35 years, research on PTSD spurred a number of important revisions and refinements of ...

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