The transtheoretical model was developed at the beginning of the 1980s as a framework for understanding the process of intentional behavior change. The model offers an integrative framework and a multidimensional set of concepts that describes critical tasks and important mechanisms of human behavior change and has become an important heuristic for researchers, practitioners, and lay persons. The five stages of change(precontemplation, contemplation, preparation, action, and maintenance) represent a series of tasks that build on one another and outline the motivational and temporal dimensions of a process for changing from one established pattern of behavior to another. The 10 processes of change are key mechanisms or coping activities that are used by individuals to accomplish the tasks of the stages. These processes consist of ...

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