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Smoking cessation is a daunting and challenging goal but associated with tremendous health benefits. Short-term benefits occur rapidly and include improved blood pressure and decreased pulse rate (within 1 hour), decreased carbon monoxide and increased oxygen in the bloodstream (within 8 hours), decreased risk for heart attack (within 1 day), improved smell and taste (within 2 days), and improved lung functioning (starting at 1 month). Long-term benefits include decreased risk of death from cardiovascular disease, stroke, and cancers. A variety of treatment interventions have been developed and evaluated to assist smokers’ attempts for smoking cessation, including pharmacotherapies, telephone support, and behavioral therapies.

Pharmacotherapies
Nicotine Replacement Therapy

Nicotine replacement therapy (NRT) was the first pharmacological treatment approved for smoking cessation by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration in the ...

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