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The U.S. Department of Health and Human Services has referred to the epidemic of smoking as a great public health catastrophe. Since 1964, when the first Surgeon General’s report on smoking and health was released, more than 20 million Americans have died as a result of smoking. Responsible for 480,000 deaths per year, tobacco use disorder is implicated in one of every five deaths. The majority of these deaths were of individuals who themselves smoked, but 2.5 million deaths were from heart disease or lung cancer from secondhand smoke, as reported in the 2014 Surgeon General’s report. These Surgeon General’s reports have shown that smoking affects nearly every organ of the body. Smoking-related cancers, cardiovascular diseases, and pulmonary diseases are the most frequent causes ...

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