Supervision is the process of training clinicians to provide assessment and therapy to clients; supervisors review the work of clinicians-in-training and provide feedback for these clinicians to hone their skills. Students of psychology, psychiatry, social work, counseling, marital and family therapy, and addictions treatment are required to receive clinical supervision by a licensed or credentialed professional in their field as part of their training prior to independent practice. Supervision is a formal relationship between the mental health professional and the prelicensure student or trainee, usually referred to as a practicum student, intern, fellow, or resident. This structured relationship occurs within a mental health setting (e.g., community outpatient clinic, hospital, counseling center) and is governed by organizational rules, state laws, and professional ethical guidelines. For simplicity, ...

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